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云原生Jenkins on Kubernetes安装及端口转发

前言

谈到持续集成工具就离不开众所周知的Jenkins,本文带你了解如何在 Kubernetes 上安装 Jenkins,后续文章会带你深入了解如何使用k8s pod 作为 Jenkins的build agents。

 

准备

需要一个running的 Kubernetes Cluster

 

安装

Step 1: 创建Namespace


apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: jenkins
 
kubectl apply -f namespace.yaml

  

Step 2: 创建 k8s service account and RBAC 权限

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: jenkins-admin
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["*"]
    verbs: ["*"]

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: jenkins-admin
  namespace: jenkins

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: jenkins-admin
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: jenkins-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: jenkins-admin
  namespace: jenkins
 
kubectl apply -f serviceAccount.yaml

 

Step 3: 创建 StorageClass 和 PersistentVolumeClaim(我的例子是在GCP上面,其它云提供商类似)


---
## if not create StorageClass, default to use standard StorageClass
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
  name: jenkins-sc
  namespace: jenkins
provisioner: kubernetes.io/gce-pd
volumeBindingMode: Immediate
allowVolumeExpansion: true
reclaimPolicy: Delete
parameters:
  type: pd-standard
  fstype: ext4
  replication-type: none

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: jenkins-storage
  namespace: jenkins
spec:
  storageClassName: jenkins-sc
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 20Gi
volume.yaml
  • Create a storage class
  • Provision a Persistent volume using the storage class.
 
kubectl apply -f volume.yaml

 检查绑定结果

 
kubectl get pvc -n jenkins
 
NAME              STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS   AGE
jenkins-storage   Bound    pvc-27efe7b9-c963-4366-b100-a3b01bb25666   20Gi       RWO            jenkins-sc     23s

 

Step 4: 创建 Deployment

Jenkins home 目录需要mount,不然 Jenkins pod 一旦重启的话,数据会丢失。


apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: jenkins
  namespace: jenkins
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: jenkins-server
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: jenkins-server
    spec:
      securityContext:
            fsGroup: 1000 
            runAsUser: 1000
      serviceAccountName: jenkins-admin
      containers:
        - name: jenkins
          image: jenkins/jenkins:lts
          resources:
            limits:
              memory: "2Gi"
              cpu: "1000m"
            requests:
              memory: "500Mi"
              cpu: "500m"
          ports:
            - name: httpport
              containerPort: 8080
            - name: jnlpport
              containerPort: 50000
          livenessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: "/login"
              port: 8080
            initialDelaySeconds: 90
            periodSeconds: 10
            timeoutSeconds: 5
            failureThreshold: 5
          readinessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: "/login"
              port: 8080
            initialDelaySeconds: 60
            periodSeconds: 10
            timeoutSeconds: 5
            failureThreshold: 3
          volumeMounts:
            - name: jenkins-data
              mountPath: /var/jenkins_home         
      volumes:
        - name: jenkins-data
          persistentVolumeClaim:
              claimName: jenkins-storage
deployment.yaml
 
kubectl apply -f deployment.yaml

检查部署结果

 
kubectl get deploy -n jenkins
 
NAME      READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
jenkins   1/1     1            1           89s

 

Step 5: Create Service


---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: jenkins-service
  namespace: jenkins
spec:
  selector: 
    app: jenkins-server
  type: NodePort  
  ports:
    - port: 8080
      targetPort: 8080
      nodePort: 32000

---
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: jenkins-agent
  namespace: jenkins
spec:
  selector:
    app: jenkins-server
  ports:
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 50000
      targetPort: 50000
service.yaml
 
kubectl apply -f service.yaml

 

访问 Jenkins Dashboard

Option 1: 端口转发

 
kubectl -n jenkins port-forward service/jenkins-service 8010:8080
然后打开本地浏览器访问 Jenkins dashboard ==》 http://127.0.0.1:8010

 

Option 2:  推荐使用Gateway 

1. Ingress-Nginx

2. Emissary Ingress

 

第一次访问Jenkins Dashboard 会提示需要初始密码,通过如下访问获取初始密码。
 
kubectl get pods -n jenkins
 
kubectl logs jenkins-998474795-7n6ls -n jenkins

 日志结果

 
*************************************************************

Jenkins initial setup is required. An admin user has been created and a password generated.
Please use the following password to proceed to installation:

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

This may also be found at: /var/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword

输入 password 然后会提示 install the suggested plugin 和创建一个 admin user.

 

High Availability 高可用

  • Jenkins active/passive setup --- 只有企业版Jenkins才有此功能。
  • 本文介绍的 Jenkins running on Kubernetes, 一旦 Jenkins master pod 挂了,另一个新的 Jenkins master pod 会自动起来,并将存储卷挂载至新创建的容器,保证数据不会丢失,从而实现集群高可用。